STEAM POWERED LOCOMOTIVES
In October of 1911, the proud men of the Baldwin Locomotive Works turned out a locomotive with builders number 37085. This 2-8-2 locomotive, also known as a Mikado, was sold to the Southern Railway, as the first of 485 locomotives of varying designs. Leading a rather unremarkable career, this locomotive operated for the Southern in East Tennessee, Central Kentucky, and later in Southern Indiana.
The American Locomotive Company, also known as ALCO, built the 630 as a Class K for the Southern Railway in 1904. The wheel arrangement of this locomotive is a 2-8-0, also known as a Consolidation. When new, the 630 lacked superheaters, and also featured Stephenson valve gear and flat valves. In 1917, the locomotive was upgraded with superheaters, piston valves, and Southern Valve Gear.
The oldest piece of equipment in TVRM’s collection, this 4-4-0 “American” was built in 1891 by the Baldwin Locomotive Works for the Savannah & Western Railway as their 557. The locomotive became Central of Georgia 1587 in 1894. It was renumbered to 1581 in 1912, and finally renumbered 349 in 1926.
DIESEL POWERED LOCOMOTIVES
General Motors Corporation’s Electro-Motive Division built the 6914 for the Southern Railway in 1953. It is known as an E8A diesel-electric locomotive, producing 2,250 horsepower. Passengers loved the streamlined design of this and similar locomotives which convey a sense of speed and modernity.
Built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division in 1968, this locomotive was the first high-hood GP38 produced, developing 2,000 horsepower. It was built for the Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia Railway. The locomotive was named “The John A. Chambliss” in honor of the railroad’s vice president, and was dedicated on his 80th birthday, hence being numbered 80.
General Motors Electro-Motive Division built the 710 in 1950 for the Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis (NC&St.L) Railway. The 710 was built as a GP7, developing 1,500 horsepower. The NC&St.L 710 later became Louisville and Nashville (L&N) 478. The 478 was sold to Amtrak in 1978, being again renumbered 772.
These diesel-electric locomotives, built by EMD in 1951 for the U.S. Army, would have switched freight cars at the Holston Army Ammunition Plant in Kingsport, Tennessee. They are GP7L type locomotives, developing 1,500 horsepower. The 1824 and 1829 differ from most GP7 models, in that they have AAR type A switcher trucks.
General Motors Corporation’s Electro-Motive Division built 2594 in 1962 for the Southern Railway. Leased from the Southeastern Railway Museum, it is known as a GP-30 and produces over 2,000 horsepower. The engine would have been used in tandem with other diesel-electric locomotives to haul long freight trains across the country. Today, 2594 hauls TVRM’s excursion trains and wears the same historic Southern Railway paint scheme as when it was new.
Built in 1972, this locomotive was the first of 257 2,000 horsepower GP38-2 locomotive purchased by the Southern Railway. The locomotive operated on the Southern and Norfolk Southern Railway until 2016 when sold at auction to TVRM, at which time it was restored to the same paint scheme it wore when new.
These GP38-2 units were built in 1973 & 1974 by General Motors for the Southern Railway. They were both purchased at auction by TVRM in 2016 and 2017 respectively.
Built in 1954 by General Motors for the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific Railroad (The Milwaukee Road), this SW-1200 was used for switching on many parts of the Milwaukee’s vast system. The locomotive is equipped with a 12 cylinder, 1,200 horsepower diesel engine, and was acquired by TVRM from the United States Navy in Crane, Indiana in late 2015.
This locomotive was manufactured by General Motors in April, 1971 for the Southern Railway as the class unit in a series of 31 SD40 locomotives. Equipped with a 3,000 horsepower, turbocharged diesel engine, the 3170 served the Southern and later the Norfolk Southern Railway companies until retired in 2007 and placed in storage at Altoona, Pennsylvania.
In 2014, the locomotive was selected for preservation, resulting in the locomotive being restored to operating condition at the Juniata Locomotive Shops in Altoona, and being repainted into its original Southern Railway “Tuxedo” paint scheme at the Chattanooga Paint Shop. Following the return to active service, the 3170 operated for the Norfolk Southern in freight service all over the system, as well as being a goodwill ambassador for NS by being used at various museum events, including assisting the 4501 on trips out of Bristol, Virginia in 2015. In May, 2016, it was announced that the locomotive would be donated to TVRM, where upon its arrival, was placed into freight service at the Enterprise South Industrial Park. The locomotive operated until the beginning of 2017 when mechanical issues resulted in the locomotive being removed from service. Until repairs needed to return the locomotive to service are completed, you can find the most powerful locomotive on TVRM’s roster on display at Grand Junction.
The American Locomotive Company (ALCO) built this RS-1 in 1945 for service in the U.S. Army. It served later with the U.S. Air Force at Eglin Air Force base when TVRM acquired it in the late 1970s. This diesel-electric locomotive is a long-time veteran of TVRM’s passenger trains hauling the Missionary Ridge Local as well as longer excursion trains. This locomotive is currently out of service in need of electrical and mechanical work before being returned to service.
This sturdy locomotive was built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works of Philadelphia, PA in 1943. It is powered by a six-cylinder DeLavergne diesel engine producing 1,000 horsepower. Designated as a VO-1000, the unit last saw service with the United States Air Force at the Arnold Air Research Facility in Tullahoma, Tennessee.
The unit became surplus when replaced with a more modern hand-me-down from another Air Force rail operation. It was acquired by TVRM in 1982. The locomotive operated for a while at TVRM before issues with its aging Westinghouse main generator forced it to be removed from service. The locomotive is currently painted in the colors of the Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway, and wears the number “36”. The NC&St.L operated a fleet of similar locomotives, with the highest one being the number 35. Therefore when repainted, it was logical to number this one to “36”, which would have been the next unit in the series had the NC purchased another unit.
109 was built in September 1950 for the Central of Georgia Railway, this RS-3 was operated on many parts of the Central of Georgia’s system until sold in December 1967. It was then sold to the East Tennessee & Western North Carolina Railroad as their number 210. It was sold to that railroad (along with locomotive 108) in order for the Southern Railway to re-acquire locomotives 630 and 722 for excursion service. Today, this locomotive is stored at TVRM with no current plans for restoration.
913 was built in 1950 by the American Locomotive Company as part of an order of ten RS-1 units for the Atlanta & St. Andrews Bay Railroad (Bay Line). It was later sold to the Hartford and Slocomb Railroad, who donated it to TVRM in 1992 when that railroad was largely abandoned. The unit operated briefly at TVRM before mechanical issues forced its retirement. The unit today remains on display in TVRM’s display yard at Grand Junction.
Built in 1941 for the St. Louis-San Francisco (Frisco) Railroad by the Baldwin Locomotive Works, this VO-1000 was the very first diesel locomotive ever acquired by that company. The 200 was later repowered with an EMD prime mover, and reclassified as a VO-1000RP, indicating it was a repowered unit. This diesel switching locomotive was acquired in 2015 from the U.S. Navy in Crane, Indiana.
The 390 was built in 1947 by the American Car & Foundry for the Central of Georgia Railroad. It is unique among the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum’s collection in that it is a lightweight coach-baggage combine car, meaning it is part coach and part baggage car. The car was used on the “Nancy Hanks II”, a passenger train running between Atlanta, GA and Savannah, GA, along with coaches 661, 662, and 907, also in the TVRM collection.
The car later became Southern Railway 726. During the Southern Railway Steam Excursion Program, the car became famous for being used as an audio recording car. The baggage area was used to record the audio of the many steam locomotives hard at work in the steam excursion program, including two locomotives currently in TVRM’s collection, Southern Railway 630 and Southern Railway 4501. TVRM acquired the car in 2019 from the Western Maryland Scenic Railway. The 390 was restored back to its original number and paint scheme after arriving at TVRM, and was put back into service in 2020.
This 56 seat lightweight coach was built by American Car & Foundry in 1947 for the Central of Georgia Railroad. The car was the 2nd in a class of cars built for use on the “Nancy Hanks II”, a passenger train running between Atlanta, GA and Savannah, GA, along with coaches 390, 662, and 907, also in the TVRM collection. The 661 saw many years of service for the Central of Georgia Railroad and successor Southern Railway before ownership was transferred to the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum.
This 56 seat lightweight coach was built by American Car & Foundry in 1947 for the Central of Georgia Railroad. The car was the 3rd in a class of cars built for use on the “Nancy Hanks II”, a passenger train running between Atlanta, GA and Savannah, GA, along with coaches 390, 661, and 907, also in the TVRM collection. The 662 saw many years of service for the Central of Georgia Railroad and successor Southern Railway. The car would then be donated to the Southeastern Railway Museum in 1980. The car is on lease from the Southeastern Railway Museum for use on our Hiwassee River Rail Adventure trains.
This 52 seat lightweight coach was built by the Budd Company in 1949 for the Southern Railway. The car was used on trains such as “The Southerner,” “The Tennessean,” “The Royal Palm,” and “The Crescent.” The car is owned by the Southern Appalachia Railway Museum and is leased to the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum.
This 52 seat lightweight coach was constructed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1947 by the Budd Company for the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad. The car later saw service on Amtrak before being donated to the Bluewater Chapter of the National Railway Historical Society in Saginaw, Michigan. They operated the car for several years until transferring ownership to the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum in 2011.
This car is unique from others in the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum’s collection, in that it is known as a Grill Car. This lightweight car was built in 1948 by American Car & Foundry for the Missouri Pacific Railroad, later being sold to the Detroit & Mackinac Railroad for use in their corporate office train. The car was restored to service in 2009. It is painted to match coach 3101, which it is paired with on the Hiwassee River Railroad out of Etowah, TN.
This heavyweight coach was built in 1924 by the Pullman Company for the Central of Georgia Railroad. Originally numbered 528, it was used on passenger trains such as the Man ‘O War and the Seminole. It would have originally resembled coach 1683, having been built with adjustable windows that could be opened and a clerestory roof, before being modernized in 1937.
It later served with the Central of Georgia Railroad’s successor, the Southern Railway, and was renumbered 906 at that time. 906 is unique among the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum’s collection due to the dividing wall in the middle of the coach, denoting it as a formerly segregated car, sometimes referred to as a “Jim Crow” car. The car included two sets of segregated restrooms, one set each for both ends of the car. The Central of Georgia Railroad continued to enforce segregation on the car until the end of that era on the railroads in the 1950s. Today, TVRM maintains this car in its original configuration as a reminder of a difficult time in our nation’s history. While unpleasant to remember, it is important to understand this past along with the other stories we preserve at TVRM. The 906 is believed to be the only formerly segregated car in operating condition with the segregating wall intact.
This lightweight coach was built in 1947 by the American Car and Foundry for the Central of Georgia Railroad, where it was originally numbered 543. It was used on the “Nancy Hanks II”, a passenger train running between Atlanta, GA and Savannah, GA.
It later served with the Central of Georgia Railroad’s successor, the Southern Railway, where it was renumbered 907. The 907 is similar to the 906, in that it is a formerly segregated car, or “Jim Crow” car, having been built with a dividing wall. However, the railroad later removed the dividing wall after the era of segregation on the railroads ended, making it a normal coach. Today, it remains a normal coach, with only the 2 sets of restrooms on each end of the car as an indicator of its segregated past.
This heavyweight coach was built in 1925 by the Pullman Company for the Southern Railway, originally numbered 1653. It was built with adjustable windows that could be opened and a clerestory roof. However, the Southern Railway had the car modernized in 1936, sealing the windows, adding steam ejector air conditioning, and changing the clerestory roof in favor of an arch roof.
It was during the modernization that the car was renumbered 1000. After the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum acquired the coach in 1968, the air conditioning systems were deactivated, and the windows were reopened to allow for a true 1920’s experience. Today, the 1000 is popular among passengers, allowing them to open the windows to enjoy the breeze, listen to the sounds of the locomotives, and listen to the sounds of wheels on jointed rail.
This 52 seat heavyweight coach was built in 1911 by the Pullman Company for the Southern Railway. It was originally built as a sleeping car before being rebuilt in 1954 to its present configuration as a coach. The car was restored to operating condition in 2005. The 1037 is the oldest passenger car on TVRM’s active roster.
This 60 seat lightweight coach was built in 1946 by American Car & Foundry for the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. It was use on their premier train, The Hummingbird, which ran between Cincinnati, OH and New Orleans, LA. The coach was later owned by the Friends of the 261 and based in the Twin Cities area, and then sold to the Hardin & Southern Railroad in Kentucky.
The car was purchased by TVRM in 2006, and soon thereafter restored to its as-delivered L&N appearance. Today, the car is in service on the Hiwassee River Railroad, and carries markings honoring the memory of longtime Hiwassee River Railroad car host and L&N Track Foreman, Parnick William (P.W.) Jones.
Built in 1954 by the Pullman-Standard Company for the Grand Trunk Western Railroad. This lightweight dining car was later owned by the Bluewater Michigan Chapter of the National Railway Historical Society. They would lease and later donate the car to TVRM for our Dinner on the Diner and trips into Northwest Georgia.
This heavyweight dining car was built in 1930 by the American Car and Foundry. It was delivered to the Louisville and Nashville Railroad in October 1930. The car was used on famous L&N passenger trains, such as the “Pan-American” and the “Humming Bird.”
On these passenger trains, passengers could enjoy famous L&N dishes, such as Old Hickory Smoked Country Ham with Red-Eyed Gravy and Grits, Seafood Platter, and Seafood Gumbo. The car originally had adjustable windows that could be opened, two toned green walls on the interior, and a Pullman Green exterior with gold letter and black roof. The car was modernized in 1937, having had the windows sealed and air conditioning installed. At that time, the interior walls were painted a warm grey. In 1946, the exterior was painted Boatswain Blue with a grey roof, and it was at this time the car was given the name, Cross Keys Tavern. The L&N donated the car to the Indiana Museum of Transport and Communication in 1969. The Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum acquired the 2728 from the Indiana Transportation Museum in 2018. Since arriving at TVRM, the car has been restored, sporting a bright coat of paint in Boatswain Blue.
The 3158, a heavyweight dining car, was built by the Pullman Company in 1924 for the Southern Railway. It served the Southern Railway until 1968, when they donated the car to TVRM. When first built, the car featured open windows, a clerestory roof, ornate fixtures reminiscent of the early 1920s, and two-person tables along one side and four-person tables along the other side.
The Southern Railway updated the car often, the last time in the late 1940s. They removed the clerestory roof in favor of a simpler, rounded roof. They also added heating and air conditioning, sealed the windows, and altered the seating arrangement with four-person tables throughout. Today, the 3158 travels with most of TVRM’s longer excursions offering meal service to passengers. While many museums use caterers to prepare food off-site and simply serve on board, TVRM is proud to prepare all meals onboard from fresh ingredients. Have a meal in the 3158 and travel back to a time when railroad cuisine made all passengers feel first class.
This heavyweight dining car was built in 1924 by the Pullman Company for the Southern Railway. When first built, the car featured open windows, a clerestory roof, ornate fixtures reminiscent of the early 1920s, and two-person tables along one side and four-person tables along the other side.
The car was later modernized, having the clerestory roof removed in favor of a simpler, rounded roof. They also added heating and air conditioning, sealed the windows, and altered the seating arrangement with four-person tables throughout. The car could be found on Southern Railway passenger trains, such as the “Carolina Special” and the “Tennessean.” On November 11, 1958, the car was knocked into the Southern Railway station in Knoxville, TN, where it wound up inside the building. The car was damaged in the accident, but was repaired and returned to service. The Southern Railway retired the car in 1970. The Southern Appalachia Railway Museum would acquire the car in 1996 and use it until 2017. The car is currently leased to TVRM, and can be found operating on the Dinner on the Diner and longer trips into Northwest Georgia.
SLEEPING & BUSINESS CARS
The Pullman Company built the Clover Colony in 1920 for the Southern Pacific Railroad. It is a sleeping car from the company whose name is synonymous with railroad sleeping accommodations. It is known as an “8-5,” because there are eight open section-type sleeping accommodations (akin to bunk beds) and five compartment-type sleeping accommodations (more private, similar to a small bedroom). While TVRM does not offer overnight trips in which the Clover Colony could be put to its original use, the car often travels on our longer excursions, offering first class seating options for passengers. The interior of the car is decorated in its original 1920s decor, transporting passengers to the decade when the Pullman Company was at its height, and passengers traveling overnight could travel in Pullman safety and comfort.
The Pullman Company built car number 98 in 1917 as a private car for the president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. It features a kitchen, crews’ quarters, dining room, three staterooms, and a lounge. The car also features mahogany paneling, brass fixtures, leaded glass interior windows, and an observation platform. While the railroad updated the 98 in the 1930s to include sealed windows and climate control, it has changed very little since. The 98 is currently undergoing a restoration to restore it to operating condition. Once completed, the car will be available to the public for charter on TVRM’s various excursions. The car comfortable seats six passengers for lunch on our Chickamauga Turn and eight for our Summerville Steam Special. For our Dinner on the Diner trip the car will seat eight passengers as well. The 98 is TVRM’s most luxurious car and allows its passengers to ride in a true first-class style reminiscent of a bygone era.